Letter Filling
At times, the numerical value of a letter or word is given using another technique known asmilui ("filling"; pl., miluim). Here, not only are the letters given numerical equivalents, they are considered complete words. In such cases, the letters used to spell out the main letter are considered to be "pregnant" within it.
For example, the word chen is made up of two letters: chet, nun. The letter chet itself is spelled: chet, yud, tav equals 418. Nun is spelled: nun, vav, nun equals 106. Thus, the value of chen with its milui is 524.
In this context, we must add that certain letters have more than one possible milui. For example, the letter hei can be spelled: hei, yud; hei hei; or hei, alef, arriving at equivalents of 6, 10, or 15 respectively. Similarly, the letter vav can be spelled: vav, yud, vav; vav, alef,vav; or vav, vav, with equivalents of 12, 13, and 22 respectively.
It must be emphasized that these different calculations are not mere mathematical exercises. Rather each different numerical equivalent represents a different aspect of Divine influence.
The most classic use of these alternate miluim is with regard to Divine Name Havayah(spelled: yud, hei, vav, hei). The gematria of the letters themselves is 26. However, with themilui, different figures are reached dependent on how the vav and hei are spelled.
Following are the principal miluim of the Name Havayah discussed in Kabbalah:
Havayah of 72  Havayah of 63  Havayah of 45  Havayah of 52  
yud  yud, vav, dalet  =20  yud, vav, dalet  =20  yud, vav, dalet  =20  yud, vav, dalet  =20 
hei  hei, yud  =15  hei, yud  =15  hei, alef  =6  hei, hei  =10 
vav  vav, yud, vav  =22  vav, alef, vav  =13  vav, alef, vav  =13  vav, vav  =12 
hei  hei, yud  =15  hei, yud  =15  hei, alef  =6  hei, hei  =10 
total milui  =72  total milui  =63  total milui  =45  total milui  =52 
These four sums, 72, 63, 45, 52, correspond themselves to the four letters of God's nameHavayah (and the ten sefirot) as follows:
Letter of Havayah  Havayah of:  The Ten Sefirot  
yud  72  Chochmah  Insight, wisdom 
hei  63  Binah  Understanding 
vav  45  chesed to Yesod  The Emotional Attributes 
hei  52  malchut  Kingdom 
Each of the letters hei, vav, hei of the Name Havayah possesses three variant spellings. Thus, there are 27 (3 to the 3rd) possible miluim of Holy Name. There are thirteen possible numerical equivalents ranging from 44 to 72, with a midpoint of 58 (= chen). When added together, the total of all the miluim is 1521, which equals 39 squared. Thirtynine is the numerical equivalent of Hashem Echad ("God is One").
The four forms of the Name Havayah cited above are considered to be the most essential forms and each correspond to a different letter of God's name, as above. When their sum, 232, is divided by four, the number 58 (= chen) is again reached. Similarly, 232 is numerically equivalent to yehi or ("Let there be light"), the first of the utterances of Creation.
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Gematria Examples
The Hebrew word, chesed ("lovingkindness") (spelled: chet, samech, dalet) has three letters. The absolute or normative value of chet is 8, that of samech is 60, and that of dalet is 4. The sum of these three figures is 72. Thus, the integral reduced value is 9.
Similarly, the ordinal value of chet is 8, that of samech is 15, and that of dalet is 4. The sum of these three figures is 27. Thus, the integral reduced value is again 9.
Finally, the reduced value of chet is 8, that of samech is 6 and that of dalet is 4. The sum of these three figures is 18. Again, integral reduced value is 9.
Another example: the word chen, "grace," (spelled: chet, nun) is often used as an appellation for the Kabbalah. Its absolute value is 58 (chet equals 8, nun equals 50), or 708 when nun is given an independent value of 700.
Its ordinal value is 22 (chet equals 8, nun equals 14), according to the normal reckoning, or 33 when the nun is assigned a value of 25.
Its reduced value is 13 (chet equals 8, nun equals 5), or 15 if the nun is assigned an independent value.
Its integral reduced value is 4 or 6.

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