Jewish angelic heirarchy

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Angels in Judaism (angel: Hebrew: מַלְאָךְ malak, plural malakim) appear throughout the Hebrew Bible, Talmud, Rabbinic literature, and traditional Jewish liturgy. They are categorized in different hierarchies.

[edit] Maimonides

Maimonides, in his Mishneh Torah or Yad ha-Chazakah: Yesodei ha-Torah, counts ten ranks of angels in the Jewish angelic hierarchy, beginning from the highest:
1Chayot Ha KodeshSee Ezekiel chs. 1 and 10
2OphanimSee Ezekiel chs. 1 and 10
3ErelimSee Isaiah 33:7
4HashmallimSee Ezekiel 1:4
5SeraphimSee Isaiah 6
6MalakimMessengers, angels
7Elohim"Godly beings"
8Bene Elohim"Sons of Godly beings"
9CherubimSee Talmud Hagigah 13b
10Ishim"manlike beings", see Genesis 18:2, Daniel 10:5

[edit] Kabbalah

The Sephirot in Jewish Kabbalah
KeterBinahChokhmahDa'atGevurahChesedTiferetHodNetzachYesodMalkuthThe Sefirot in Jewish Kabbalah
View the image description page for this diagramCategory:Sephirot
According to the Kabbalah as described by the Golden Dawn there are ten archangels, each commanding one of the choir of angels and corresponding to one of the Sephirot. It is similar to the Jewish angelic hierarchy.
RankChoir of AngelsTranslationArchangelSephirah
1Hayot Ha KodeshHoly Living OnesMetatronKeter
3ErelimBrave ones[1]TzaphkielBinah
4HashmallimGlowing ones, Amber ones[2]TzadkielChesed
5SeraphimBurning OnesKhamaelGevurah
6MalakimMessengers, angelsRaphaelTipheret
7ElohimGodly BeingsHanielNetzach
8Bene ElohimSons of ElohimMichaelHod
10IshimMen (man-like beings, phonetically similar to "fires")SandalphonMalkuth

[edit] References


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